Image by David Gabriel Fischer via Flickr
Mindfulness practice in the classroom may be one way to help students improve their academic performance, nurture their emotional well-being and bolster their behavior.
At least, that’s the idea behind a new study from the University of Wisconsin–Madison’s Center for Healthy Minds (CHM), the recipient of a three-year, $1.5 million grant from the U.S. Department of Education, in partnership with the Madison Metropolitan School District, to bring the centuries-old practice into the city’s classrooms.
“We want to assess, in a rigorous way using research, something that is done all over the world,” says Lisa Flook, assistant scientist at CHM, part of the UW Waisman Center.
The large, randomized-control trial will involve 700 4th and 5th grade students and 20-30 teachers across 20 Madison elementary schools over the next three years. A specialized team from the Center will train students and teachers in Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), an accessible, secular approach modified for the age groups in the study.
“Such practices, particularly early in life when neuroplasticity is at its peak, have the potential of helping children pursue a trajectory of healthy development,” says Richard Davidson, founder of CHM and a professor of psychology and psychiatry.
The Center published the results of a successful study involving Madison teachers and MBSR last year, and it conducted a pilot project involving Madison 5th graders in 2010.
"We want to assess, in a rigorous way using research, something that is done all over the world."
After the first year, a large team of investigators will go into the schools to collect a wealth of data, including: student performance on computer tasks of attention; surveys of student mood, anxiety and perception of the classroom environment; student attendance, academic and behavioral records; and teacher surveys of their own job stress, psychological well-being, mood and empathy.
“When children are young they are setting their patterns for life,” says Flook. “Their emotional and social well-being matter.”
To practice mindfulness-based stress reduction, students and teachers are trained through a variety of practices to focus on the present moment, including bringing attention to their breathing. They are also taught to be attuned to their bodies and aware of their emotions, to “drop in” on their present state.
Over the course of the study, Flook and her team will develop and refine a mindfulness curriculum, working with teachers and the school district to have it become a routine and integrated aspect of the school day. The hope, Flook says, is for this to become sustainable, something schools choose to incorporate on their own even after the study is over.
“How do we support teachers and students after the program?” she says, looking ahead. “Mindfulness is like a muscle: you need to keep using it to keep it trained.”
– Kelly April Tyrrell